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Urine ColorsOne way to monitor changes in your health is to pay attention to the color of your urine. Changes in the color of your urine are normal and occur for a verity of reasons, most of them harmless. This page examines the reasons for the various colors you might see in your urine.
Red Urine or Pink UrineRed urine is not necessarily bloody urine. Despite its alarming appearance, red urine isn't necessarily serious but it does need to be evaluated to see if it contains blood. If it does then you may be referred to a urologist for an evaluation of the cause.
Factors that can cause blood in the urine, known medically as hematuria, range from strenuous exercise, urinary tract infections, enlarged prostate, kidney stones, bladder stones, kidney disease, and, occasionally, bladder cancer, kidney cancer, or just menstrual blood. More often it is caused by one of the following:
The cause of red urine usually isn't severe and typically occurs without other signs or symptoms.
Orange UrineOrange urine is pretty hard to miss and most often it has one of the following causes:
Green UrineYes, your urine may even turn green. Foods like asparagus can give urine a greenish tinge as well as a characteristic odor.
Medications: There are a number of medications tht may produce blue urine, including amitriptyline, indomethacin (Indocin), cimetidine (Tagamet), the anti-nausea drug Phenergan and several multivitamins. A dye used in several medications that treat urinary pain (Urised, others) can turn urine blue.
Medical conditions: Familial hypercalcemia is a rare inherited disorder that may cause blue urine. It is sometimes called blue diaper syndrome because children with this disorder have blue urine.
Dark brown or tea-colored urine
Foods and supplements: Eating large amounts of fava beans, rhubarb or aloe can cause dark brown urine.
Medications: A number of drugs can darken urine, including the antimalarial drugs chloroquine and primaquine; the antibiotic metronidazole; nitrofurantoin, which treats urinary tract infections; laxatives containing cascara or senna; and methocarbamol, a muscle relaxant.
Medical conditions: Some liver disorders, especially hepatitis and cirrhosis, and the rare hereditary disease tyrosinemia can turn urine dark brown. So can acute glomerulonephritis, a kidney disease that interferes with the kidney's ability to remove excess fluid and waste.
Cloudy or Murky Urine
Urinary tract infections and kidney stones can cause urine to appear cloudy or murky.
Purple UrineA rare inerited disorder of red blood cells called porphyria can turn the urine color a deep purple.
Normal Urine ColorSo what is the normal color for urine? It is normal for urine to range from a pale yellow to deep amber. It is also normal for your urine to vary in color over time. This occurs because of changes in diet, which includes any supplements or medication you take as well as the liquids you consume.
Changes in urine color may indicate a developing medical problem. Just because you have eaten a food that turns your urine red does not rule out the possibility of a medical problem.
If an unusual color appears in your urine, monitor it closely and if it persists for more than a day, consult with your doctor.
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This consumer advocate website is protected by copyright © 2011 Askdocweb, Inc. All Rights Reserved. This is a layman's report on the causes of urine color and is not intended to replace discussions with a health care provider. Do not use the information on this forum as a substitute for your doctor's advice. Always consult your doctor before taking any drug and follow your doctor's directions. Source material: Food and Drug Administration, Medline, Physician's Desk Reference, and the largest community of people in the world, those who are concerned about side effects and healthcare.